1 Day Only! Get It Quick! 9-23-14

Share Thank you to those that were able to join us for the Free download Day! Keep an Eye on the Sky to catch this again! PDF DOWNLOAD For one day only, a PDF download of War Letters of Kiffin Yates Rockwell is made available by Bead Pond Media. Get it! Share it! Enjoy!...

Glossary

ShareGLOSSARY (Kiffin Rockwell frequently used French military terms in his letters; instead of translating them, they have been italicized.) Appareil: machine, aeroplane. Appel: roll-call. ” Aux armes”: “To arms.” Amateur: aviator. ” Bebe ” or ” Baby “: pet name given by the combat-machine pilots to the little monoplane Nieuport aeroplane. Brevet militaire: military flying license. Eon: abbreviation for bataillon; a full French regiment is composed of four battalions. Casque: here means fur-lined leather head-dress worn by aviators when flying. C” : abbreviation for compagnie; there are four companies in a French battalion, each commanded by a captain. Consigne: formal instruction given to a sentinel; also the punishment of confinement to barracks. Consultation motivee: justifiable reporting to sick-call. Croix de Guerre: War Cross, awarded with a citation in army Dejeuner: luncheon; petit dejeuner: breakfast. 2imt classe (deuxieme classe soldat): “buck private.” Division Marocain: one of the finest divisions in the French Colonial Army, composed during the World War of the Foreign Legion, a regiment of Zouaves and one of Algerian sharp-shooters, with batteries of field artillery. Etive pilote: student-pilot. Epreuve: trial flight for Hying license. Escouade (abbreviated Escde.): smallest unit in a French regi­ment, commanded by a corporal; there are four escouades in a section. Exempt service: exempted from military duties, usually by doctor’s order. Gamelle, la: metal bowl from which French soldiers eat; the the old Legion corporals and sergeants, disgusted at the awkwardness of the Volunteers for the World War, some­times taunted them by saying that they had enlisted for ” la gamelle,” or the French army ration. “Garde d vous”: ” Be on your guard,”   ”...

Appendix

ShareAPPENDIX The French Legion Etrangere, as it exists to-day, was or­ganized in 1831, although throughout the course of her his­tory France has had foreign troops in her service. The Foreign Legion of 1831 was formed in order to provide em­ployment for the hundreds of political refugees who had flocked to Paris from Poland and other countries, and a royal ordinance decreed that it should be used only in the colonies. The conquest of Algeria was then in progress, so the Legion was immediately sent to northern Africa, which has been its headquarters ever since. The corps has served with dis­tinction in all the French Colonial Wars since 1831, and in Europe during the Spanish and Crimean campaigns, the war of Napoleon III in Italy, and the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. It also played a heroic role during the ill-fated struggle of Maxmilian in Mexico. When the World War broke out, there were two regiments of the Foreign Legion, including some sixteen thousand men, serving in the French Colonies. These men had all enlisted for five years’ service. As thousands of foreigners offered their services to France against Germany in August, 1914, a new law was passed authorizing these volunteers to enlist in the Foreign Legion for the duration of the war. Four new regiments de marche were formed in France: the Second, Third and Fourth Marching Regiments of the First Foreign Regiment (the Fourth Regiment de Marcbe was composed entirely of Italian volunteers, known as the Garibaldians), and the Second Regiment de Marcbe of the Second Foreign Regiment. Veteran Legionnaires were brought to France from the Colonies, to drill...

Citations

ShareCITATIONS GRAND QUARTIER GÉNÉRAL DES ARMÉES Au G. Q. G., le 21 Juin, 1916. État-Major. ORDRE No. 3108 “D” La Médaille Militaire a été conferee au Militaire dont le nom suit: Rockwell, Kiffin Yates, Mle 34805 Caporal à l’Escadrille N. 124   Engagé pour la durée de la guerre, a été blessé une premiere fois le 9 Mai, 1915, au cours d’une charge à la baïonnette. Passé dans l’Aviation, s’est montré pilote adroit et courageux. Le 18 Mai, 1916, a attaqué et descendu un avion allemand. Le 24 Mai n’a pas hesite à livrer à plusieurs appareils ennemis un combat au cours duquel il a été atteint d’une grave blessure à la face. La présente nomination comporte l’attribution de la Croix de Guerre avec palme. (Signé) Joffre.   IIe Armée. Aéronautique. Extrait de l’Ordre Général No. 429. Le Général Commandant la IIe Armée, cite a l’Ordre de l’Armée:   Rockwell, Kiffin Yates, Pilote à l’Escadrille 124.   Engage pour la durée de la guerre. Entré dans l’aviation de chasse, s’y est classé immédiatement comme pilote detout premier ordre, d’une audace et d’une bravoure admirable. N’hesite jamais à attaquer l’ennemi quelque soit le nombre des adversaires qu’il rencontre, l’obligeant le plus souvent par sa maîtrise, son mordant, à abandonner la lutte. A abbatu deux avions ennemis. A rendu les plus grands services à l’aviation de chasse de l’armée en se dépensant pendant quatre mois sans compter devant Verdun. (Signé) R. Nivelle.   Le Général Commandant en Chef cite à l’Ordre de l’Armée ROCKWELL, Kiffin Yates, Mle 8048, Sergent à l’Escadrille N. 124:   Pilote américain qui n’a cess6 de faire...